Chakra are points in the human body where important blood vessels like veins and arteries meet. These points are considered to be vital energy centers as well as being extremely sensitive to outside influence, making them highly vulnerable. Each Chakra point is usually associated with organs or different glands in the body, but they also have a psychological and emotional meaning. The philosophy around these points dates back to Hindu, it has imbedded itself into the belief system and has been a part of it ever since 100 AD. It can also be found in Buddhism though it is an altered version of that which can be found in Hindu. There are seven points, each of which represented by different symbols, affecting different aspects of our being, body and mind.
1. Sahasrara could translate from Sanskrit as one thousand “petalled lotus” which is how it has been illustrated for
thousands of years. This is a Chakra point associated with the state of pure consciousness, a place where there is neither object nor subject. The role of this point is most commonly associated with the pituitary gland which, like many other glands, secretes hormones into the body. This allows it to communicate important information to the central nervous system with the help of the hypothalamus. Many specialists believe that it is this point in the body, the pituitary gland that is responsible for the state of consciousness. This is an important step for philosophy and science as they finally fuse in one theory.
2. Ajna is often depicted as a lotus with two petals. This point corresponds to different colors, usually violet, indigo or deep blue, in traditional beliefs it has been depicted as white. It is this point in the body that is believed to be the place where duality of the spirit ends, with the termination of the two sides Pingala and Ida. For most people this would be the syllable OM, something that is often said at the end of a prayer or meditation, both in Hindu culture and Buddhism alike. It is believed to be third eye and it is the point which informs the person of his invasions.
3. Vishuddha is seen as a silver crescent situated in a white circle, it has sixteen petals and they could be right blue or turquoise. The outer circle is the seed mantra called Ham and the crescent inside of it is Panchavatra shiva, with its five heads and four arms. This point is associated with the power of expressions and growth through communicating. Its embodiment is the thyroid gland which is situated in the throat; it produces thyroid hormone which is responsible for the growth of a person and his maturation.
4. Anahata is a circular flower and it has twelve green petals often referred to as the heartmind. Within it has two
intersecting triangles which form a hexagram, this symbolizes the unity between a male and a female. This point is located in the chest and it is associated with the power of the body to fend off illnesses, it also helps the maturity of one’s soul. More often than naught it contributes on an emotional level with deep emotions like compassions, unconditional love and tenderness.
5. Manipura is a yellow flower which has ten yellow petals, within it has a downward triangle. This point is associated with the stomach or to be more precise with the entire metabolic system and digestion. In the body they can be seen to correspond to Islets of Langerhans. This is a group of cells found in the pancreas as well as the adrenal glands and the cortex. This plays a vital role in the creation of energy in the body through digestion.
6. Swadhistana is often seen as a white lotus or a crescent moon, with six vermillion or sometimes orange petals. This associated with the creation of sexual hormones, often for females in the ovaries and for the males in their testacies. They are important for the reproductive cycle.
7. Madhara is related to the gonads or the area of the body which is responsible for the sexual maturity of an individual. It is often represented by a red flower which has four petals. This is the Chakra point which is responsible for the passing of the different genes every person has to offer and the creation of a new life.